Remembering the Old Knight Children’s Center

When you drive west on South Huntington Avenue, (typical New England directions) you will see a brick wall on the right side of the street. The wall, with a carved stone cap, looks very nineteenth century but the Bell Olmsted Place residential complex behind it is unmistakably twentieth century construction. How did this happen?

The New Knight Children’s Center in 1914

The answer lies in the history of the New England Home for Little Wanderers and its Knight Children’s Center. For over 200 years, this institution has provided a variety of services for child and family development at every stage of development. Ten Boston-area businessmen founded the NEHLW in 1865 to care for children who had been orphaned and left homeless by the Civil War.

Not an “orphan’s home” in the traditional sense of a permanent residence, the founders sought to create a “way station” in which children could prepare for a new life. The private charity accepted homeless and destitute children from all over New England without regard for race, color, sex or religion.

The New England Home for Little Wanderers

The charter, granted by the Massachusetts Legislature, declares its goal,

“. . . of rescuing children from want and shame, providing them with food and clothing, giving them instruction in mind and heart and placing them, with the consent of their parents, or guardians in Christian homes.”

The founders understood that a new life could be created with families outside of—and far from—the Boston area. The NEHLW sent children wherever they could find a home and participated in the famous, and controversial, Orphan Train movement. Every senior administrator of the NEHLW between 1865 and 1906 personally took one or more companies of children on trains heading west out of crowded Eastern cities.

The Knight Children’s Center on Huntington Avenue

The Boston architectural firm of Brainerd & Leeds constructed the Knight Children’s Center on South Huntington Avenue in 1914 to serve as the NEHLW’s new home. The architects designed the three-story structure of brick and stone in the Georgian style and made it fireproof. The NEHLW stated,

“About 1000 inmates pass through the institution in the course of a year, the most detailed record of them being kept after they pass from beneath the roof of the building to homes elsewhere.”

A metal fence along Huntington Avenue stretched between brick posts topped with granite caps.

Because of the cost of renovating or replacing the structure, the NEHLW put the Knight Children’s Center up for sale in 2011. They moved the children to another facility in Walpole and development proposals for the site began to come in.

Demolition Despite Opposition

Knight Children's Center, New England Home for Little Wanderers, South Huntington Avenue, Boston Residential Group

Razing the Knight Children’s Center

The Boston Residential Group purchased the property with the intention of converting it to luxury housing. Along the way, that plan changed into taking down the Knight Children’s Center completely and  constructing something totally new.

Despite strong community opposition in Jamaica Plain and disapproval from the Boston Preservation Alliance, the Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA) approved the historic building’s demolition.

At a meeting of the Jamaica Pond Association, company CEO Curtis Kemeny said,

“Boston Residential Group is very sensitive to historic structures. We looked at several alternatives here and we couldn’t figure it out.”

After weathering a 90-day delay mandated by the Landmarks Commission, the Boston Residential Group went ahead with its plans. The company razed the 100-year-old building in 2014 and built Olmsted Place, which they sold to Bell Partners in July of this year.

Bell Olmsted Place, South Huntington Avenue, Bell Partners, Boston Residential Group

Bell Olmsted Place

I have no comment about the style of Bell Olmsted Place, which looks to me like any 21st-century apartment building. But the New England Home for Little Wanderers built the Knight Children’s Center to last. Today it is difficult to erect anything that matches the quality and strength of 1914 construction.

Wall Instead of Fence

The developers replaced the original metal fence with a high wall. Its brick and stone construction echoes the original Georgian building while buffering the tenants of luxury apartments from the street. The wall has the irony of looking more like the Knight Children’s Center than the buildings behind it do.

The Christmas season, when we sing about a child born in a stable because there was no room at the inn, seems a fitting time to remember a building that once sheltered homeless children without discrimination and a staff dedicated to finding them new families and a new place to live.

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About Aline Kaplan

Aline Kaplan is a published author, a blogger, and a tour guide in Boston. She formerly had a career as a high-tech marketing and communications director. Aline writes and edits The Next Phase Blog, a social commentary blog that appears multiple times a week at aknextphase.com. She has published over 1,000 posts on a variety of subjects, from Boston history to science fiction movies, astronomical events to art museums. Under the name Aline Boucher Kaplan, she has had two science fiction novels (Khyren and World Spirits) published by Baen Books. Her short stories have appeared in anthologies published in the United States, Ireland, and Australia. Aline’s articles have also appeared on the Atlas Obscura website. She has been an active member of the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America since 1988 and is a long-term member of the Spacecrafts science/fantasy writers’ group. As a tour guide, Aline leads architectural and historical walking tours of the city for Boston By Foot, ghost tours for Haunted Boston and historical bus tours of the city. She lectures on Boston history and has appeared in the Boston Globe, as well as on TV for Chronicle, an award-winning television program that broadcasts stories of New England. As a lecturer, Aline has spoken at Brandeis and Tufts universities for the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute. She has also addressed as service organizations and local meetings. She is a graduate of Northeastern University in Boston and lives in Hudson, MA.

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