Boston’s Back Bay: The Once (and Future?) Body of Water

Boston, made land, shoreline 1630

Boston–1630 and Today

As I mentioned in a previous post, Boston is a city of made land.  Once a peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus that sometimes flooded during high tides, it grew and expanded by way of creating new ground. 

The most famous of these projects was the filling of the Back Bay, a nineteenth-century engineering marvel that created hundreds of acres of new land by filling in a tidal marsh with gravel deposited by the glaciers.  Today, the Back Bay is a beautiful, vibrant neighborhood of upscale residences, historic churches, profitable businesses, and public institutions such as the magnificent Boston Public Library.

But will it stay that way if climate change continues unabated?  What happens to the Back Bay if sea levels rise, flooding the Charles River?  You can see by checking out this article on @BostonDotCom: “Boston underwater: How the rising sea levels will affect the city.”

It’s an eye-opener that gives us three views of Boston.  Click on different sea-level rises (5 feet, 12 feet, 25 feet) to see what happens to the Back Bay, the Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway near the Boston Harbor Hotel, and the Harvard University campus.
Charles River, Boston, Dam and lock system

Charles River Dam & Lock System

Fortunately, the Charles River Dam and Lock system provides some protection against the lesser levels of increase.  This system, built in 1978, blocks the mouth of the river where it meets the harbor between Boston’s North End and Charlestown neighborhoods.  The dam was created to control flooding in low-lying areas, particularly the Back Bay, and to transform the unsightly tidal mudflats of the lower Charles into the attractive and much-used, fresh-water Charles River Basin.

The dam rises 12.5 feet above sea level, which means the five-foot view of flooding probably would not happen.  The ends of the dam might have to be reinforced against an increase of 12 feet but that would be easier and cheaper than allowing the river to flood.

MIT, brass rat, class ring

The Brass Rat

At 12 feet, the Esplanade, Storrow Drive, Beacon Street and the eastern end of Commonwealth Avenue would be underwater, as would both the Boston and Cambridge approaches to the Massachusetts Avenue Bridge. There would be no more Fourth of July concerts by the Boston Pops at the Hatch Memorial Shell.

I hope the engineers at MIT are working on how to protect their campus.  Maybe the folks who wear a “brass rat” can build a big beaver dam around the Great Dome.

But seriously, folks, this is nothing to take lightly.  This simulation shows us the surface view.  What you can’t see is that much of Boston’s public transportation system would be drowned at 25 feet.  Sections of the T would be underwater and out of service.  The brand new underground highway created by the Big Dig would also be flooded as would the beautiful  Greenway above it. 

In the harbor view, the building behind the Boston Harbor Hotel with the curved glass wall is the J.J. Moakley Federal Courthouse on Fan Pier where gangster Whitey Bulger is currently being tried.  Behind that is the vibrant new Seaport District where houses, hotels, restaurants, and the Boston Convention & Exhibition Center are creating a new and exciting neighborhood. 

And it’s not just Boston.  Sea-level rises of these magnitudes will create the same destruction in any major city that’s on a harbor or near the ocean.  I hope Boston’s authorities are planning ahead for such eventuality, though.  If not, in a few years I might be giving a Boston by Foot tour of the Victorian Back Bay via glass-bottom boat.

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